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To raw pack fresh meats and poultry, prepare jars. Cut meat from bone. Use bones to prepare stock. For chicken, sparate pieces at the joints. Trim fat carefully, as it may cause meat to have a strong flavour as well as ruin the sealing rubber of the jar. If necessary, wipe meat clean with a damp cloth. Do not soak it. Cut meat against the grain into 1-inch strips or chunks. Pack into the sterile jars. Cover with boiling stock or tomato juice. Never use a thickened gravy. You may add 1 teaspoon salt to each quart for seasoning. Allow 1-inch headroom. Now exhaust the air from the open filled jars by setting them on a rack in a pan of boiling water. Keep water level 2 inches below jar tops. Put a thermometer in the center of a jar, cover the pan and heat the meat slowing to 170F. If not using thermometer, heat slowly for 75 minutes. Remove jars from the pan and wipe off tops and threads of jars before lidding. Process in a pressure canner at 10 pounds pressure 75 minutes for pints and 90 minutes for quarts. Precooking and packing meats and Poultry for canning (still JoC): Roasts, steaks, meatballs or patties and sausage cakes may be processed and canned. Use beef, veal, lamb, mutton, pork, goat or venison. To bake, heat oven to 350F. Cut the meat into pieces small enough to fit the jars. Pack closely while still hot into hot, sterile jars, at least two pieces to a pint jar. Skim fat from drippings. Add enough boiling water or broth to the drippings to cover the meat, leaving 1-inch headroom. Remove air bubbles. Wipe jar rim carefully to remove any fat. Adjust the lids and pressure-process in 10 pounds pressure, pints 75 minutes, quarts 90 minutes. To stew, cut meat into uniform pieces about 1 pound each, drop into boiling water and simmer 12 to 20 minutes or until the raw color has disappeared at center. Liver should be simmered about 5 minutes, tongue about 45 minutes, or until skin can be removed. Cut meat into smaller serving pieces. Remove fat and gristle, then salt, pack closely in hot jars and cover with the boiling broth. Remove air bubbles, wipe rim carefully. Frying is the least desirable method of pre-cooking. It makes the surface of the meat hard and dry and often gives an undesirable flavour to the finished product. Meat that is not covered with liquid will discolour and lose some flavour in storage. Depending on the shape of the pieces, 1 to 1 1/2 pounds of meat will fill a pint jar and still remain submerged. Pint jars are preferable to larger containers, as the heat penetrates more readily to the center of the container. Process pints 75 minutes, quarts 90 minutes at 10 pounds pressure. To precook chicken, simmer meaty pieces in a broth until medium done. Cover with boiling broth, leaving 1-inch headroom. With bone, process pints 65 minutes, quarts 75 minutes at 10 pounds pressure. Without bone, process 75 and 90 minutes. Gizzards and hearts should be canned together, but separate from the meat, in boiling chicken broth. Process pints 75 minutes at 10 pounds pressure. Chicken-Boned Steam or boil chicken until about 2/3 done. Remove skin and bones. Pack meat into hot jars, leaving 1-inch head space. Add 1/2 teaspoon salt per pint or 1 teaspoon salt per quart. Skim fat from broth. Bring broth to a boil. Pour over chicken, leaving 1-inch head space. Remove air bubbles. Adjust caps. Process pints 1 hour and 15 minutes, quarts 1 hour and 30 minutes at 10 pounds pressure. Chicken-On-Bone Hot Pack -- Boil, steam or bake chicken until about 2/3 done. If uncut chickens were cooked, searate at joints as for frying. Pack hot into hot jars, leaving 1-inch head space. Add 1/2 teaspoon salt per pint or 1 teaspoon salt per quart. Cover with boiling hot chicken broth, leaving 1-inch head space. Remove air bubbles. Process pints 1 hour and 5 minutes, quarts 1 hour and 15 minutes at 10 pounds pressure. Raw Pack -- Separate chicken at joints. Pack meat into hot jars, leaving 1-inch head space. Add 1/2 teaspoon salt per pint or 1 teaspoon salt per quart. Do not add liquid. Adjust caps. Process pints 1 hour and 5 minutes, quarts 1 hour and 15 minutes at 10 pounds pressure.
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